IR has a number of lessons of the journey, with or without air-conditioning. A prepare could have one or a number of lessons. Gradual passenger trains have solely unreserved seating, and the Rajdhani Categorical, Shatabdi Categorical, Garib Rath Categorical, Double Decker Categorical, Tejas Categorical, Humsafar Categorical, Duronto Categorical, Yuva Categorical and Vande Bharat Categorical have solely air-conditioned lessons. Fares for all lessons differ, and unreserved seating is the least costly. Fares for the Rajdhani, Duronto Shatabdi and Vande Bharat Categorical trains embrace meals. In September 2016, IR launched dynamic fares for the Rajdhani, Duronto and Shatabdi trains (besides 1AC and EC lessons) to extend income. Lengthy-distance trains normally embrace a pantry automobile, and meals are served on the berth or seat itself. Luxurious trains (reminiscent of Palace on Wheels) have separate eating automobiles, however these trains value as a lot as—or greater than—a five-star lodge room.
A typical passenger rake has 4 unreserved (common) compartments, two on the entrance and two on the rear (certainly one of which can be for girls). The variety of different coaches varies by demand and route. A baggage compartment could also be on the entrance or the rear. On some mail trains, a separate mail coach is connected. Toilets are communal, and Indian- and Western-style. The lessons in operation are (though a prepare could not have all these lessons):
|Saloon||IR has begun to function saloon coaches to present lodge atmosphere on trains. These coaches function on constitution foundation i.e. reserving is required. These have the main bedroom, one regular bedroom, one kitchen and window trailing. 4 to 6 additional beds are given to accommodate extra folks. First of those coaches was connected to Jammu Mail.|
|1A||AC first class: Essentially the most luxurious and costly class of Indian Railways, with fares nearly at par with airfares. There are eight cabins (together with two coupes) in full AC first-class coach and three cabins (together with one coupe) within the half AC first-class coach. The coach has an attendant, and bedding is included within the fare. This air-conditioned coach, current solely on well-liked routes, can carry 18 (full coach) or 10 passengers (half coach).|
|2A||AC two-tier: These air-conditioned coaches have sleeping berths throughout eight bays. Berths are often organized in two tiers in bays of six: 4 throughout the width of the coach and two lengthwise throughout the hall, with curtains alongside the hall. Bedding is included within the fare. A coach can carry 48 or 20 passengers coach.|
|3A||AC three-tier: Air-conditioned coaches with 64 sleeping berths. Berths are much like 2A, however with three tiers throughout the width and two lengthwise for eight bays of eight. They’re barely much less well-appointed, often with no studying lights or curtains. Bedding is included within the fare.|
|3E||AC three-tier (economy): Air-conditioned coaches with 81 sleeping berths on the Garib Rath Specific. Berths are normally organized as in 3A, however with three tiers throughout the width and three lengthwise. Appointments are just like 3A, and bedding shouldn’t be included. These coaches are additionally current in some Duronto Specific trains as effectively.|
|Vistadome||IR operates Vistadome glass roof coaches on some vacationer routes. These embody Araku Valley, Konkan Railway, Kalka-Shimla Railway, Kashmir Valley, Kangra Valley and Neral-Matheran route. These coaches fare are equal to AC Govt Chair Automobile. IR additionally has plans to start out Vistadome on Nilgiri mountain railway.|
|EA||Anubhuti: Air-conditioned top-end class of Shatabdi Specific. These coaches have been launched in January 2018. First prepare to get these coaches is Chennai Central–Mysuru Shatabdi Specific|
|EC||Executive chair car: An air-conditioned coach with spacious seats and legroom. With 4 seats in a row, it’s used for intercity day journey and is offered on the Tejas, Shatabdi Specific and Vande Bharat Specific.|
|CC||AC chair car: An air-conditioned coach with 5 seats in a row, used for an intercity day journey. Air-conditioned double-deck coaches are used on the Double Decker Categorical, Shatabdi, Vande Bharat and Intercity.|
|SL||Sleeper class: The sleeper class is the commonest coach on IR, with ten or extra SL coaches, hooked up to a prepare rake. They’re sleeping coaches with three berths throughout the width and two lengthwise, without air-conditioning. They carry 72 passengers per coach.|
|2S||Second seater: much like CC, without air-conditioning. Double-deck second seaters are used on the Flying Ranee.|
|UR/GEN||Unreserved/General: The least-expensive lodging, with a seat not assured. Tickets are legitimate on any prepare on a route if used inside 24 hours of buy.|
On the rear of the prepare is the guard’s cabin. It incorporates a transceiver and is the place the guard normally offers the all-clear sign earlier than the prepare departs.